Surface Water

Stream Water Quality Monitoring (WQM)

CSP focuses on monitoring streams of specific concern and also supports landowners or basic interest in monitoring.  We offer level 1 trainings every spring.  Monitoring requires an hour each month from May till October and is a great way to help out while getting outside!

Trainings for level 1 stream monitoring teach entry level volunteers how to monitor dissolved oxygen, temperaturetransparency, streamflow, habitat, and macroinvertebrates using Water Action Volunteers (WAV) methods. Level 1 stream monitoring is an excellent way for everyone to participate in citizen science and to get to know their local waters better.

Other WQM trainings offered through WAV:

Level 2 stream monitoring brings volunteers to the next step in stream monitoring. At this level, dissolved oxygen and transparency, and sometimes pH, are monitored monthly between May and October on pre-determined dates. Continuous temperature monitoring devices, called thermistors are placed in the stream and record temperature every hour until they are removed from the stream and data is downloaded to a computer.

Level 3 Stream Monitoring involves research and special projects, which have a variety of focuses. Current Level 3 projects include:

Lower Fox River Tributary Monitoring Project

Road Salt Monitoring

Total Phosphorus Monitoring

Data collected gives us a baseline of stream health, which is critical for determining how various types of land use affects our watershed. Non-point source pollution such as agricultural runoff is the primary cause of water pollution in surface water.

Use the Surface Water Data Viewer to see data that has been collected in streams near you!

LEARN MORE! Have a look at our full 2009-2020 Water Quality Monitoring Report here.

For more information on WQM contact CSP coordinator Omaru Heras by email at